Data from NOAA’s GOES-R series satellite is available on Amazon S3. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) operates a constellation of Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) to provide continuous weather imagery and monitoring of meteorological and space environment data for the protection of life and property across the United States. GOES satellites provide critical atmospheric, oceanic, climatic and space weather products supporting weather forecasting and warnings, climatologic analysis and prediction, ecosystems management, safe and efficient public and private transportation, and other national priorities.
The satellites provide advanced imaging with increased spatial resolution, 16 spectral channels, and up to 1 minute scan frequency for more accurate forecasts and timely warnings.
The real-time feed and full historical archive of original resolution Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) radiance data (Level 1b) and full resolution Cloud and Moisture Imager (CMI) products (Level 2) are freely available on Amazon S3 for anyone to use.
While the GOES-16 ABI L1b and CMI data have reached provisional validation, please keep in mind that since GOES-16 satellite has not been declared operational, its data are still considered preliminary and undergoing testing.
The availability of GOES-R Series on AWS data is the result of the NOAA Big Data Project (BDP) to explore the potential benefits of storing copies of key observations and model outputs in the Cloud to allow computing directly on the data without requiring further distribution. Such an approach could help form new lines of business and economic growth while making NOAA’s data more easily accessible to the American public.
This page includes information on data structure; you can find much more detailed information about GOES-R Series data from NOAA.
Examples of how to access the objects via the AWS CLI can be seen below.
aws s3 ls noaa-goes16
aws s3 cp s3://noaa-goes16/<Product>/<Year>/<Day of Year>/<Hour>/<Filename>
Data will be moved to different Amazon S3 storage classes on a schedule. It will start in Standard and move to Infrequent Access after 30 days.
All data files from GOES-16 (formerly GOES-R) are provided in netCDF4 format. The GOES-16 data is hosted in the
noaa-goes16 Amazon S3 bucket in the us-east-1 AWS region. Individual files are availabe in the netCDF format with the following schema:
<Product>/<Year>/<Day of Year>/<Hour>/<Filename>
<Product>is the product generated from one of the sensors aboard the satellite (e.g.)
<Year>is the year the netCDF4 file was created
<Day of Year>is the numerical day of the year (1-365)
<Hour>is the hour the data observation was made
<Filename>is the name of the file containing the data. These are compressed and encapsulated using the netCDF4 standard.
<Filename> is delineated by underscores ‘_’ and looks like this:
OR: Operational system real-time data
ABI-L1b-RadF-M3C02is delineated by hyphen ‘-’:
ABI: is ABI Sensor
L1b: is processing level, L1b data or L2
Rad: is radiances. Other products include CMIP (Cloud and Moisture Imagery products) and MCMIP (multichannel CMIP).
F: is full disk (normally every 15 minutes), C is continental U.S. (normally every 5 minutes), M1 and M2 is Mesoscale region 1 and region 2 (usually every minute each)
M3: is mode 3 (scan operation), M4 is mode 4 (only full disk scans every five minutes – no mesoscale or CONUS)
C02: is channel or band 02, There will be sixteen bands, 01-16
G16: is satellite id for GOES-16 (future G17)
s20171671145342: is start of scan time
e20171671156109: is end of scan time
c20171671156144: is netCDF4 file creation time
.ncis netCDF file extension
If you have questions about the data, you can find contact information at https://www.nesdis.noaa.gov/.
There are no restrictions on the use of this data.